REQUIREMENTS FOR BODY SHIPMENT:
Although specific countries may have specific requirements for shipping of deceased’s remains, The general requirements are more or less same. For specifics, kindly contact the embassy/consul of the country you wish to ship the remains to. Please see the list below:
- 2 Death Certificates
- Embalmers Affidavit (See Below for the procedure of embalming)
- Passport of deceased
- Non-communicable disease letter
- Burial/Transit Permit
- Letter from doctor stating cause of death
- there is no requirement on type of casket
- Zinc-lined shipping box
- no consul fee
EMBALMING IS REQUIRED FOR SHIPPING TO AVOID DECAY DURING TRANSPORT
WHAT IS EMBALMING? PLEASE SEE BELOW:
- INTRODUCTION TO EMBALMING: WHEN IS IT REQUIRED BY LAW?
- THE EMBALMING STEPS IN DETAIL
- EMBALMING IN DIFFERENT RELIGIONS
- ISLAMIC VIEWS ON EMBALMING
- EMBALMING VIDEOS (viewer discretion advised)
- USEFUL LINKS TO EMBALMING RELATED ARTICLES
- FATWA REGARDING SHIPMENT OF BODY (in Urdu)
- When a body will be transported internationally.
- When there’s a relatively long time—a week or more—between the death and the burial or cremation.
- When the death occurred because of a communicable disease.
- DISINFECTING THE BODY
- RELIEVING RIGOR MORTIS
- SHUTTING THE MOUTH CLOSE
- ARTERIAL EMBALMING
- CAVITY EMBALMING
- Body is laid on the table and washed with germicide and or disinfectant.
The solutions commonly used as disinfectant are either PROPANOLOL- an alcohol- and or BENZALDEHYDE- an organic compound.
Body is inspected for post-mortem stiffness or Rigor Mortis.
- An instrument called the ANEURYSM HOOK is used for blunt dissection.
- The tendons and muscles are some times cut in order to relieve the stiffness.
- The mouth is tied shut with wires.
An instrument called NEEDLE INJECTOR is used for this purpose.
Sometimes a Mouth Former is used in addition to the wires.
- Additional facial features are set by putting cotton in the nose, eye caps below the eyelids, and a cotton or gauze in the throat to absorb purging fluids.
- [CLICK TO SEE VIDEO]
Embalming solution is a varying mixture of organic compounds, alcohol and water.
FORMALDEHYDE is the most commonly used preservative in embalming solutions.
- Alcohol is used to keep formaldehyde dissolved.
STEP-4: ARTERIAL EMBALMING
- The blood is drained from a separate incision and is discarded down the drain.
- At the same time, embalming solution is injected in one or more of the large vessels.
- Using the body’s own circulatory/vascular system (arteries, veins, and capillaries), embalming fluid flows to all parts of the body, penetrating into and preserving muscle, skin, and organs.
- [CLICK TO SEE VIDEO OF ARTERIAL EMBALMING]
Bodily fluids are aspirated out of the internal organs in the abdomen and thoracic cavity.
This is accomplished with the use of a TROCOR (shown below), a long, pointed metal tube with sharp blades at one end and a connector for a hose at the other.
The embalmer uses it to puncture & crush the stomach, bladder, large intestines, and lungs and other organs, which are subsequently sucked out and drained.
EMBALMING IN DIFFERENT RELIGIONS:
- Jewish law strongly forbids embalming unless absolutely required by law.
- Embalming desiccates the the sacred body and delays the burial which is to be done as soon as possible – preferably within 24 hours.
- Click Here to Learn More …
- “From dust we came, and to dust we return at death” (Genesis 3:19)
- Emphasis is on returning the body to it’s place of origin in as much of a natural state as possible.
- Embalming solutions are considered impure and unnatural.
- Preferred way is immediate cremation.
- Embalming is strongly discouraged as it delays the departure of the soul.
- Replacing the body’s blood with formaldehyde is also frowned upon.
ISLAMIC VIEWS ON EMBALMING:
- The process of embalming is strictly forbidden (haraam) in Islam.
- Embalming as well as cryopreservation, autopsy, and/or any type of invasive procedures, violate the rules laid down by Islamic Law (Shariah) because they lead to delay of burial, involve disrespect, and physical violation of the body.
- The extreme respect shown to the corpse can be derived from the hadith of the prophet forbidding damaging the corpse or breaking its bones during washing. The human has dignity in both life and death. Respect for the dead body is the guidance of the prophet to stand up when a funeral procession passes by, al qiyaam li al janaazat. It is dignity to be buried whole.
- Surgical operations on the body are an affront to the dignity. The prophet forbade mutilation, nahyu al muthla.
- Embalming involves among several other things, the destruction and extraction of internal organs of the body. Removal of some parts is looked at with great disfavor. In cases in which a body is buried without some of its parts, the parts when found later are washed, prayed for and buried in the same grave.
- Post-mortem examination will lead to delay of burial when the sunnah is to bury as soon as possible.
- Delay of the burial affects human dignity because of deteriorations in the body including but not limited to: a bad smell.
- Furthermore, the embalming fluid is traditionally made from formaldehyde, methanol, ethanol and other organic solvents. Hence, the fluid is made up of impure substances which go with the deceased into the grave.
- Apparently there are some misguided rulings out there that allow Muslims to embalm their dead under certain circumstances. If there are ever occasions when embalming might prevent a greater harm, then they would necessarily be very rare exceptions. One example is when the state requires embalming in cases of death by contagious disease (like typhoid).
- Since all the blood is drained from the body and replaced with alcohol containing embalming fluids, imagine that a Muslim spent his/her entire life avoiding alcohol only to have their blood replaced with it upon death.
- One reason given for allowing embalming and shipment back home (to another country) is to bring comfort and closure to the deceased’s family. But no real and enduring comfort can result from harming our dead or defying the sunnah. If the family wants to pray salat-ul-janazah it can be prayed from afar, so that is no real reason.
- The cost to embalm and ship a body “back home” can be substantial for some people. That is a high price to pay for one last look at a loved one. That is money that does not go to support the deceased’s widow and orphans. That is money that can burden the family with debt when they should be paying off the debts of the deceased. That money could have been used to help the poor to eat. But instead it was used to help embalm a Muslim.
EMBALMING VIDEOS (YouTube links):
OTHER EMBALMING RELATED LINKS:
(The links below connect to external sites)
- EMBALMING INSTRUMENTS & EQUIPMENT
- EMBALMING FLUIDS & CHEMICALS
- EMBALMING – WHAT YOU SHOULD KNOW
- MYTHS & FACTS OF EMBALMING
- ISLAMIC FUNERALS: THE EPITOME OF RESPECT
- SAMPLE ISLAMIC WILL PROHIBITING EMBALMING OR AND KIND OF DESECRATION
FATWA REGARDING SHIPMENT OF BODY:
(The links below connect to external sites)